T-SHIRT PRINT AND IMAGE METHODS
In this article, we will consider such methods of printing on textiles, including T-shirts, as silk-screen printing and thermal transfer printing, their main advantages and disadvantages, and the modern development of these methods.
The main types of printing on textiles are silk-screen printing, thermal transfer printing, printer transfer. One of the most widespread and well-known methods of printing on textiles is silk-screen printing. In addition, this method is very popular due to the high level of print quality. Silk-screen printing does not require sophisticated equipment, due to which products with such printing are low and affordable. The only equipment that silk-screening requires is stencil and ink. The silk-screening method was invented and to this day is one of the most widespread and demanded. Modern industry has made its own adjustments to the retro method, making it possible to achieve high quality and durability of the paint used when applying drawings, inscriptions and logos on textiles.
The emergence of new machines has significantly increased the productivity of the method. If on old manual machines it was possible to produce 200 - 300 T-shirts per day, then modern machines can achieve a productivity of 10,000 - 20,000 pieces per shift.
To make images on textiles using silk-screen printing, a carousel printing press and a printing frame are required, with the help of which the primary basis for work is created. This base is enough to get started. The cost of purchasing a machine and a frame pays off very quickly. Another advantage of silk-screen printing is the availability of consumables. The disadvantages of silk-screen printing include the lack of manufacturability of the process. Silk-screen printing in its capabilities lags behind such modern methods as flexography and offset printing, since the process of printing images by silk-screen printing is not very automated and the human factor plays an important role.Another popular method for printing on T-shirts is thermal transfer printing. The basis of this method resembles silk-screen printing, the only difference is that the printing is not done on fabric, but on thermal paper. A feature of thermal transfer printing is that it is possible to create images on textiles even in hard-to-reach places. The pattern, printed on thermal paper.